Based on the language of the 1996 Peace Agreement and RA 9054, implementation requires the GRP to accept the use of Arabic or regional languages in the ARMM region. Section 14(j) of Republic Act 9054, passed in 2001, states that “the official languages for the teaching of the public school system shall be Filipinos and English, even in ARMM public schools.” The legislation allows Arabic to be used as a teaching medium, if the student chooses it. Section 1 also states that “regional languages may be used as auxiliaries in the region where they are used”. A 2008 report by the Organization of the Islamic Conference describes a “first trio meeting” between the GRP, MNLF and OIC, held in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, in November 2007. That is why, 12 years after the signing of the agreement, the first meeting of the two actors in the conflict took place with the external body selected to verify the implementation of the 1996 agreement.1 A special zone for peace and development (Zamboanga del Norte) will be established in the southern Philippines, in the provinces of Basilan, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi, Zamboa del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte, North Cotabato, Maguindanao, Sultan Kudarat, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Davao del Sur, South Cotabato, Sarangani and Palawan and the cities of Cotabato, Dapitan, Dipolog, General Santos, Iligan, Marawi, Pagadian, Zamboanga and Puerto Princesa. Over the next three (3) years, these areas will be at the centre of intense peace and development efforts. Public and private investment must be directed to these areas in order to stimulate economic activities and promote the conditions of their people. In order to reintegrate the MNLF rebels into civilian life, President Ramos had also approved a program to recruit former MNLF combatants to build a total of 163 bridges, also known as peace bridges in the southern Philippines. This occurred in January 1998.1 1 In 1996, no international, external or internal control mechanism was operational. In 2005, al-Amanah Islamic Bank was the only bank in the ARMM.1 The Regional Economic Zone Authority (REZA) was established and the ARMM received large amounts of foreign aid and grants for various socio-economic development projects. Most of the comprehensive reforms called for in the 1996 agreement have not been implemented. No evidence could be found that any of the specific appointments referred to in the agreement took place in 1996.