[Magill provides this critical assessment of the bet:] “[D]he Prologue in Heaven and the pact with Mephistopheles . . . are decisive for the philosophical aspect of the work. Mephistopheles is no longer The absolute adversary of God, but he is contained in the divine framework: he is a necessary force in creation, a Gadfly. Faust`s action now becomes a bet between God and Mephistopheles, whom God must absolutely win. Thus, the old blood contract between Faust and Mephistophele`s Fist must renounce his nature by abandoning his quest for ever higher satisfactions, giving him a moment of absolute fulfillment. For Goethe, damnation is the end of the aspiration to the Absolute, and this aspiration is good, no matter what mistake man makes in his limited understanding. This is clear in the prologue: God acknowledges that man will be wrong as long as he aspires to it, but he says that man can only fulfill his nature if he seeks the absolute, however confused he may be. Mephistopheles sees only the confusion, the futility of the results and the rudeness of man`s life.
He is blind to the visionary, poetic quality of Faust, the quality that drives his quest. This relationship, which has been partially established, I will continue until the end of the play. In each episode, Faust begins with an idealistic vision of what he is looking for, but he never succeeds. On the outside, Mephistopheles is always right, only Faust`s internal search makes sense” (Magill, “Faust” 309). First of all, faustus can be a spirit of form and substance. Second, may Mephistophilis be his servant and be offered by him. Third, what mephistophilis must do for him and bring him. Fourth, whether invisible in his room or house. Finally, that he will appear to Jean Faustus at all times, in what form and form he wants. I, Jean Faustus de Wittenberg, doctor, give body and soul through these gifts to Lucifer, the prince of the Orient, and to his minister Mephistophilis, and I also recognize to them that twenty-four years have passed, and that these articles, written, are inviolable, full power to bring or carry the body and soul of jeans-fist in question, flesh, blood , in their heroism. Faust and the devil then go to a cave where they meet two monkeys who brew a potion in a cauldron.
The animals begin to have fun with Mephistopheles and pretend to be a king while they are his servants. When the witch returns, she does not recognize the devil at first, but she will soon see that he is his master. Mephistopheles makes the witch Faust give a little of her potion, which she drinks. On a street, Faust meets a young girl whom he immediately falls in love with. Margaret, short for Gretchen, avoids her progress, but cannot help and think of the older and noble stranger she met on the street that day. “A pioneer of the romantic movement, Faust dissects the philosophical problem of human damnation, created by the desire for personal knowledge and happiness. As a good and brilliant man, Faust sells his soul to the devil in a contract that stipulates that the devil can take his soul if he lives such a size that he wants to bear it forever. He eventually achieves his goal, but experience is an experience in which he helps his fellow human beings. Thus, Mephistopheles loses despite his efforts” (Magill, “Faust” 307). When Faust “translates” the first verse of John`s Gospel, how does his choice of words reflect his character? Why do the spirits in the corridor of Line 1259, based on what you will read later, say, “One of them has been captured”? During the Renaissance, it was assumed that the salamander lived in fire, Unene in water and sylph in the air, while the elf was a Germanic spirit connected to the earth.