The fourth EU Implementation Report (other languages), published in November 2020 and preceded by the preface by DG Commerce Director-General Sabine Weyand (other languages), provides an overview of the results achieved in 2019 and the remarkable work for the EU`s 36 main preferential trade agreements. The accompanying staff working document provides detailed information in accordance with the trade agreement and trading partners. A better solution than protectionism is to include rules in trade agreements that protect against inconvenience. If there is free trade and tariffs and quotas are abolished, monopolies will also be abolished because more players will be able to enter the market and join the market. An internal market actually creates a level playing field for each member and includes not only tradable goods and products, but also allows citizens of each Member State to work freely throughout the region. These agreements between three or more countries are the most difficult to negotiate. The larger the number of participants, the more difficult the negotiations. They are, by nature, more complex than bilateral agreements, insofar as each country has its own needs and requirements. There are pros and cons of trade agreements. By removing tariffs, they reduce import prices and consumers benefit from them. However, some domestic industries are suffering. They cannot compete with countries with lower standards of living. This allows them to leave the store and make their employees suffer.
Trade agreements often require a trade-off between businesses and consumers. Two countries participate in bilateral agreements. Both countries agree to relax trade restrictions to expand business opportunities between them. They reduce tariffs and give themselves privileged trade status. In general, the point of friction is important national industries that are protected or subsidized by the state. In most countries, they are active in the automotive, oil and food industries. The Obama administration negotiated with the European Union the world`s largest bilateral agreement, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership. A government does not need to take concrete steps to promote free trade.
This upside-down attitude is called “laissez-faire trade” or trade liberalization.